and transportation project
“With recent changes in water and fuel availability, energy production and regulation, and community interaction, the previously omitted interdependencies between critical infrastructure systems in the United States are not as negligible as they once were,” Lead Investigator Thomas Overbye said. “This project focuses on developing an analytical framework for modeling and analyzing these Interdependent Critical Infrastructure (ICI) systems, incorporating both renewable energy and national transportation systems.”
The results will be used to create a wealth of knowledge that will drive future energy and environmental policies, infrastructure design and management, and educational curricula, Overbye said.
- The dependence of the electric grid on water has been analyzed, using droughts and heat waves to develop generation operating points and constraints.
- The team has quantified the tradeoffs between profitability, food and fuel production, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and nitrate runoff reduction with different types of biofuels in the Sangamon watershed in Illinois and analyzed the optimal mix of biofuels as well as the policies that should supplement the mandate to achieve multiple environmental outcomes.
- Project researchers have modeled the load of EV charging stations in response to day-ahead electricity prices; the next step will be to incorporate EV load modeling as a demand response program into the electricity market.
- The team is continuing a study that found that on average, the total mining water used in U.S. oil/gas producing counties has increased by 62% since fracking expanded in the late 2000s; results suggest that the majority of additional water used was withdrawn from groundwater resources.
- And the team has developed a model used to examine the synergies and trade-offs generated by overlapping renewable energy policies in the transportation sector and their implications for the cost of GHG mitigation.
Principal Investigators and co-PIs (all pictured in group photo)
- Thomas Overbye, Fox Family Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE). His departmental page. His Information Trust Institute (ITI) page. His Power Systems Engineering Research Center (PSERC) page.
- Ximing Cai, Lovell Endowed Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering (CEE). His departmental page. His Ven Te Chow Hydrosystems Lab page.
- Madhu Khanna, Professor of Agricultural and Consumer Economics (ACE). Her departmental page.
- Yanfeng Ouyang, Associate Professor of CEE. His departmental page. His Rail Transportation and Engineering Center (RAILTEC) page. His Industrial and Enterprise Systems Engineering (ISE) page.
- Ashlynn Stillwell, Assistant Professor of CEE. Her departmental page. Her research group page. Her Ven Te Chow Hydrosystems Lab page.
Operating Team: Faculty, Scientists, Postdocs, and Students (all in group photo unless otherwise noted)
- Hadi Meidani, Assistant Professor of CEE. His departmental page. His Uncertainty Quantification Group page.
- Albert Valocchi, Professor of CEE. His departmental page. His research group page. His Ven Te Chow Hydrosystems Lab page.
- Shaowen Wang, Professor of Geography and Geographic Information Science. His departmental page. His Department of Urban & Regional Planning page. His School of Earth, Society, and the Environment (SESE) page. His National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) page. His lab page.
- Hao Zhu, Assistant Professor of ECE. Her departmental page. Her lab page. Her Power and Energy Systems Group page.
- Pouria Ahmadi, Postdoctoral Research Associate with iSEE. (not pictured).
- William Lubega, Ph.D. Candidate in CEE (right). His lab page.
- Desiree Phillips, Ph.D. Candidate in ECE. Her departmental page.
- Jia Zhong, Ph.D. Candidate in ACE. Her departmental page.
- Kaiqing Zhang, M.S. Candidate in ECE. His departmental page.
Publications & Presentations
(iSEE project members’ names in bold):
- Presentation: “Maintaining Electric Grid Reliability under Drought Conditions.” Lubega, W. World Environmental and Water Resources Congress, West Palm Beach, FL, 2016.
- Publication: “Mix of First- and Second-Generation Biofuels to Meet Multiple Environmental Objectives: Implications for Policy at a Watershed Scale.” Housh, M.; Khanna, M.; Cai, X. Water Economics and Policy, World Scientific, 2015, doi: 10.1142/S2382624X1550006X.